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Amino Boosters

Amino acids with pure Norwegian Young Tissue Extract that has various proven health benefits

Amino Boosters

In the same way that it is important to have the correct number and balance of minerals and trace elements in the body, so it is for amino acids for optimal function. Some amino acids can be produced by the body but some need to be supplied in our diet - these are termed essential amino acids. As with the minerals and trace elements it is also important that these are presented to us in a fully bio-available form.

Amino Boosters use pure Norwegian YTE® which is a highly absorbable bio-available source of the 22 most required Amino Acids by the human body. YTE® is a patented food supplement developed and patented by the Norwegian government and made exclusively in Norway. YTE ® stands for Young Tissue Extract. It is a nutrient that is extracted from fertilised hen eggs that have been incubated for 9 days using a patented process that extracts all of the core nutrients from the egg white called PreEmbryonic Stage Extract (PESE).

YTE® was first discovered in 1929 by a Canadian Doctor called John R. Davidson. He was studying fertilised hen eggs and realised that on day 9 of incubation, the embryo went through an incredible growth spurt that tripled its size. He hypothesised that the nutrients inside the egg on this ninth day must be very powerful. Dr. Davidson then began successfully treating his patients by injecting the YTE® nutrients. However unfortunately he died just as he was seeing success with his technique and his research was almost lost.

50 years later a Norwegian scientist working with the Norwegian government made the same discovery as Dr. Davidson that the fertilised hen egg contained very potent nutrients on the 9th day of incubation. As nutritional and scientific understanding had advanced a lot since 1929 the Norwegian scientists understood immediately that the nutrients extracted contained a special combination of the complete array of 22 Amino Acids alongside vitamins, minerals, proteins and some very important growth factors.

Amino Boosters is the Best Value YTE® On The Market

YTE® is a very well documented and studied food supplement appearing in several published and peer reviewed studies and a google search will show you that there are a few companies around the world selling a YTE® based product.

However all the studies that were conducted used a daily dosage of 1600mg which is 4 tablets a day of pure YTE® powder. Other brands typically sell a 30 capsule one month supply for more than the cost of a full month's 120 capsule supply.

What are Amino Acids?

The human body is approximately 20% protein and the basic building block of protein is amino acids. When we eat protein it is broken down into its constituent amino acids in the same way that carbohydrates become simple sugars and fats become fatty acids. The body uses these amino acids to build our own proteins required for organs, muscles, skin and hair etc.

Amino acids are also the precursors of enzymes and neurotransmitters which regulate almost every metabolic process in the body.

Which Amino Acids do you need?

There are 200+ different amino acids however only 20 of them are really import and essential for good human health. These amino acids are categorised into two groups; essential and non-essential amino acids.

What is the difference between essential and non essential amino acids?

Essential amino acids are not produced by the body and must be consumed in the food we eat. Non-essential amino acids can be produced inside the body however this production process can be disturbed by external toxins from pollution, fertilisers and pesticides, feed additives and unhealthy habits such as smoking, drinking and processed foods, all of which can prevent our bodies from fully using what we eat. By providing the body with optimal nutrition in the form of amino acids to replace what we are losing we can promote well-being and vitality.(1)

In the human genome there 20 proteinogenic amino acids created to build proteins. From these 20 there are 8 essential amino acids and these are: isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine.

The 12 non essential amino acids are: alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamine, glutamic acid, glycine, histidine, proline, serin and tyrosine.

Who needs amino acids the most?

Everyone needs a balanced pool of amino acids for optimum health but many people are suffering from amino imbalances because of poor and inconsistent intake of through their diets. A recent study from Germany carried out by the DAK has revealed that older people in particular are more prone to suffering from malnutrition. “If the body is lacking in the minimum energy and nutrients, the body cannot carry out its bodily and mental functions. Without the necessary vitamins, proteins (amino acids), trace elements and minerals, there is a risk of debilities and metabolic disorders which can have serious consequences.”(2)

Older people are not the only ones who this applies to, for young people can also be affected by the negative consequences of a limited supply of nutrients. These include weight problems, hair loss, skin problems, sleep disorders, mood swings and/or erectile disorders but also arthritis, diabetes, cardiovascular imbalance (high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure) or even menopausal complaints.

What do each of the Amino Acids do in the body?

This is a difficult question to answer in a brief statement because amino acids are critical to almost every function in the human body. However below is a list of some amino acids and some of their typical functions within the body.

The essential amino acids:

Isoleucine
Plays a pivotal role in the energy supply of muscle tissue, which is particularly critical during periods of extensive exercise or in acute hunger periods.

Unless present in sufficient quantity in the blood, the body will access its storage reserves, which will inevitably lead to a reduction of muscle mass and L-Leucine reserves. This effect must be avoided by athletes trying to build muscle mass.(3)

Leucine
Plays a central role in the metabolism of muscle tissue therefore contributing to both its generation and preservation. It is an important building block for many proteins and therefore supports various healing processes. A deficiency, however, can also be caused by a lack of Vitamin B6.(3)

Lysine
Plays a particularly important role in the immune system.

It is also involved in protein biosynthesis, especially in building collagen together with the amino acids Glycine and Proline. An Lysine deficiency may therefore result in broken skin, fragile nails and in extreme cases loss of hair.

Lysine is thought to reduce the processing of arginine of the herpes virus, because both amino acids use the same transport system. In cases of herpes infections arginine should be consumed together with Lysine. There is also evidence that it increases the effectiveness of arginine, because it slows down the transition of arginine from the vascular system into the muscle cells.(4)

There is also evidence that Lysine can reduce blood sugar in Diabetes Type 2 patients.(5)

Methionine
Plays many roles in the body as it is the only amino acid containing sulphur. This effects many areas one prominent one being joint health because joint cartilage because it requires sulphur for its production. Studies of both healthy and arthritic patients show that healthy people have 3 times the level of sulphur than those suffering arthritic conditions.(7)

Methionine also plays a pivotal role in many neurotransmitters and the production of hair and nails(8)

Tryptophan
Has lots of positive effects on the human body, it can be used to combat certain medical conditions and contribute to recovery. Several studies have already been carried out in order to confirm these assumptions, and have convincingly proven the effectiveness of essential amino acids.

A study in 2010 examined, for example, to what extent Tryptophan can halt the spread of a common liver condition (steatohepatitis).(9)

Furthermore, this essential amino acid has positive effects on irritable bowel syndrome.(10) The less Tryptophan there is in the body, the more serious the symptoms of this condition; Tryptophan can therefore be used to relieve irritable bowel syndrome.

Finally, this protein substance has already been proven to be very effective in combating depression, and it has become the most important anti-depressant which does not have side effects.(11)

The non essential amino acids:

Alanine
Is a critical player in the body’s protein biosynthesis and has certain regulatory functionality. Muscle protein consists of approximately 6% of L-alanine. 30% of the L-alanine in the blood is synthesised by muscle, which demonstrates its importance to the overall metabolism.

Alanine also helps to support the immune system and prevent kidney stones. Alanine has been shown in studies to protect the prostate gland and is even thought to be a potential treatment for prostate cancer.(12)

Alanine was also shown in a 2002 study to be beneficial to the condition of diabetes.(13)

Arginine
This is one of the most well known amino acids and it has a host of well known and documented benefits for the human body such as:

  • as a natural virility remedy for the treatment of erectile disorders (erectile dysfunction)
  • to contribute significantly to the health of the overall vascular system lowering the risk of strokes and heart attack
  • encourage healthy muscle growth
  • to lower hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • to strengthen the immune system
  • to improve insulin resistance in cases of diabetes
  • helps to maintain fats and cholesterols at healthy levels
  • as an accompanying treatment for arteriosclerosis (vascular calcification)
  • to improve the blood flow in capillaries (e.g. in cases of tinnitus or hair loss)
  • prevent unwanted blood clotting such as in heart attacks
  • to facilitate and restore memory and learning

In 1998 the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was won by Luis Ignarro, Robert Furchgott and Ferid Murad for their research on the benefits of Nitric Oxide (NO) and its primary reactant - Arginine.

Cysteine
Cysteine has many roles in the body but one notable one is its role in helping the body to produce Glutathione which helps to protect tissues and organs and has an anti ageing role in the body through protection of cells. Cysteine helps to eliminate free radicals and plays a role in keeping our blood healthy and our immune system strong.

Cysteine is also being used to help treat osteoporosis because it was proved in a study that osteoporosis sufferers had lower levels of Cysteine.(14)

Glutamine
Used enormously throughout the body it represents 60% of the free amino acids in the body. Glutamine plays many roles in healthy skin and crucially is used to keep our bodies acid alkaline balance in check. Glutamine is vital in the bodies energy and immune system as it can be converted into energy when the body needs to. As an important regulator Glutamine plays a role in good concentration and sleep as well.

Histidine
The preventative and therapeutic potential of histidine has not yet been fully explored, although several studies have already been carried out which have proven the effectiveness of this vital substance in medical treatment.

Histidine Can Lower Blood Pressure it was discovered that this amino acid can lower the blood pressure. (15) As histidine relaxes the blood vessels, it can get rid of hypertension and help prevent cardiovascular conditions, such as arteriosclerosis and heart attacks.

Researchers also proved that the daily consumption of a nutritional supplement containing histidine can reduce the risk of cardiovascular conditions by up to 60.9%.

A further area where the use of histidine supplements is important is the treatment of chronic kidney failure, which is particularly common among the elderly. A low concentration of histidine in the blood plasma increases the inflammatory activity of the body and leads to a rise in oxidative stress, so supplementation of histidine is directly associated with a reduced mortality rate. (16)

Furthermore, it has recently been discovered that histidine, in combination with zinc (which is made easier to absorb into the body by the amino acid), can be effective against colds. A study was carried out with over 40 participants to investigate to what extent the intake of zinc and histidine can minimise the duration of a viral or bacterial infection. The researchers came to the conclusions that the consumption of both these vital substances together shortens the length of a common cold by an average of 3.6 days. (17)

Research & Clinical Studies

The Norwegian Government spent the equivalent of £50m researching the benefits of YTE. Some of the research papers are summarised below with the full papers as download pdf files.

YTE® Lowering The Stress Response Study

In a double-blind, placebo-controlled study performed by Daacro GmbH & Co KG, Trier-CRO specialised in the testing of stress, the primary end-points were to test the possible effect of YTE in acute stress (TSST). The study specifically looked at:

  • Subjective evaluation of acute stress (VAS)
  • Cortisol level
  • Heart rate

The study used healthy male volunteers, age 20-50 years old. All volunteers were non smokers.

The study showed that the participants taking YTE scored significantly lower in the subjective acute stress under TSST compared to the placebo group (graph below left).

In the group of chronically stressed TSST resulted in a higher increase in cortisol-release in the active group versus the placebo. While in the group without chronic stress TSST resulted in a lower increase in cortisol-release in the active versus the placebo group. This demonstrates that YTE normalises cortisol release (Graph below right)


YTE® Study Lowering Depression

Published in the Journal Of Medicinal Food, a 12 week double-blind, placebo-controlled study investigated the effects of YTE® intake on outcome measures for depression.

Fifty-five patients with depression were randomly assigned to receive YTE®, YTE® plus Melissa officinalis, or placebo for 12 weeks. At baseline, there were no significant differences in scores on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) or Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) among the 3 groups.

At 12 weeks, the HAM-D scores in groups treated with YTE or YTE with M. officinalis were both significantly lower than those in the placebo group. In addition, both treatment groups showed a significant improvement in depression as measured by the change in HAM-D scores from baseline to 12 weeks, whereas the placebo group showed no significant change. There were no significant differences between the 2 treatment groups. The study indicates that the fertilised egg powder has an anti depressive effect and may be an alternative or adjunct to anti depressive medication for some patients.



Solberg E.The effects of powdered fertilized eggs on depression.J Med Food. 2011 Jul-Aug;14(7-8):870-5.
doi: 10.1089/jmf.2010.0146. Epub 2011 Jun 1.


YTE® Sexual Desire/Libido Enhancement Study

In 1997 a study was published to The Journal of International Medical Research through Cambridge Medical Publications. The study looked at how YTE® could increase male libido and the results from this double blind cross over, placebo controlled experiments were very conclusive.

Over periods as short as 2 weeks 58% of participants with low sex drive noticed improvements. Data showed a significant increase in the frequency of intercourse, increased self esteem, increased level happiness as well as stamina. In a separate Swedish study 84% of men reported increased sexual desire.


Eskeland B, Thom E, Svendsen KO. Sexual desire in men: effects of oral ingestion of a product derived from fertilized eggs. J Int Med Res. 1997 Mar-Apr;25(2):62-70.



YTE® Study About Muscle Growth, Strength, and Performance

Professor Törnblom conducted a six-week, double-blind placebo-controlled study at the University of Colorado and Arapahoe Community College involving thirty-two men and women ages nineteen to thirty-five. The study compared the effectiveness of two nutritional supplements in increasing muscle strength and muscle mass. The effects of taking 5 grams of a 50/50 blend of YTE and creatine were compared with taking only creatine monohydrate (5 grams). Results are shown below.

YTE + Creatine

Blended Monohydrate

Increases in Leg Press

21.2 Kg

12.2Kg

Increases in Bench Press

8.1Kg

6.1Kg

In addition, a number of subjective conditions, for instance energy levels, stamina, and subjective health were also measured. Virtually all of the study participants who took YTE experienced a significant increase in physical energy, stamina, and muscle strength.

1. Erdmann, R. & Jones , M., (1987) The Amino Revolution, First Fireside Edition, p2.

2. DAK-Studie: Immer mehr Senioren mit Mangelernährung in Klinik, Hamburger Abendblatt (Dezember 2011)

3. Amino Acid Studies Org

4. “Uwe Gröber, Mikronährstoffe: Metabolic Tuning, 3. Aufl., S. 327 ff.”

5. “Sulochana et al., “Insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity in monocytes of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients receiving oral L-lysine”, Indinan Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 2001, 38 (S) 331-334″

6. “Burgerstein et al, “Handbuch Nährstoffe”, 12. Aufl., 2012, S. 268″

7. Soeken, K.L., Lee, W.L., Bausell, R.B., Agelli, M. & Berman, B.M. (2002) Safety and efficacy of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) for osteoarthritis, Journal of Family Practice, Volume 51, (pp. 425-430)

8. Haneke, E. Baran, R. (2011) Micronutrients for Hair and Nails, Nutrition for healthy skin, Volume 2, (pp. 149-163)

9. “Cichoz-Lach H. et al.: The effects of L-tryptophan and melatonin on selected biochemical parameters in patients with steatohepatits; J Physol Pharmacol 2010 Oct; 61(5): 577-580″

10. “Fitzgerald P et al.: Tryptophan catabolism in females with irritable bowel syndrome: relationship to interferon-gamma, severity of symptoms and psychiatric co-morbidity; Neurogastroenterol Motil 2008 Sep 17″

11. “Roiser JP, Levy J, Fromm SJ, Nugent AC, Talagala SL, Hasler G, Henn FA, Sahakian BJ, Drevets WC. The effects of tryptophan depletion on neural responses to emotional words in remitted depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2009 Sep 1;66(5):441-50. Epub 2009 Jun 17″

12. Shiga H. et al: Amino acid therapy for hypertrophy of the prostate; Hinyokika Kiyo 2008; S. 625-632

13. Brennan L, Shine A, Hewage C, Malthouse JP, Brindle KM, McClenaghan N, Flatt PR, Newsholme P. A nuclear magnetic resonance-based demonstration of substantial oxidative L-alanine metabolism and L-alanine-enhanced glucose metabolism in a clonal pancreatic beta-cell line: metabolism of L-alanine is important to the regulation of insulin secretion. Diabetes. 2002 Jun; 51(6):1714-21

14. “Baines M et al.: The Association between cysteine, bone turnover, an low bone mass; Calcif Tissu Int. 2007

15. “Tuttle KR et al.: Dietary amino acids and blood pressure: A cohort study of patients with cardiovascular disease; AM J Kidney Dis, 2012 Feb 28″

16. Makoto Watanab et al.: Consequences of low plasma histidine in chronic kidney disease patients: associations with inflammation, oxidative stress, and mortality; American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; Vol. 87. No. 6, 1860-1866, June 2008

17. “Prasad As et al.: Duration of symptoms and plasma cytokine levels in patients with the common cold treated with zinc acetate. Ann Intern Med. 2000; 133